Mirpur – Azad Kashmir | History & Famous Spots

Historical Places of Mirpur Azad Kashmir - Ram Kot Fort and Khari Sharif


Mirpur city was settled by Meral Shah who was the son of the Ghaghra family. District Mirpur is located in the south of Azad Kashmir.

An enchanting aerial view of Mirpur Azad Kashmir

This city has plains and hilly areas with a warm climate. It is connected to Pakistan through many routes. The citizens of this town resemble the people of Jhelum and Gujrat.

Over the previous few decades, a lot of people from Mirpur have shifted to the United Kingdom for livelihood. Pakistan is getting a huge foreign exchange because of them.

The Government of Azad Kashmir has established an Industrial State for the promotion of private investment. The old Mirpur city is 459 meters high from sea level and it was a hurdle for the construction of the Mangla dam. Therefore, this new city is established with a proper plan and it has all the latest facilities.

Information about Mirpur in Azad Kashmir

Attribute Information
Name Mirpur
Location Azad Kashmir, Pakistan
Geographical Features Situated on the banks of the Mangla Dam, Mirpur boasts picturesque landscapes and a thriving, man-made lake.
Area Covers a significant area and is one of the largest cities in Azad Kashmir.
Accessibility Accessible by road from major cities in Pakistan, making it a popular destination for tourists.
Economic Hub Known for its strong economy, Mirpur is a significant business and commercial center in Azad Kashmir.
Tourism Attracts tourists with its beautiful surroundings, water sports on the Mangla Dam, and vibrant local culture.
Cultural Diversity Mirpur is a melting pot of cultures, with influences from Kashmiri, Punjabi, and British traditions.
Industrial Development Home to a range of industries, including manufacturing, agriculture, and trade.
Education Hub Hosts educational institutions like Mirpur University of Science and Technology, contributing to higher education in the region.
Healthcare Facilities Provides a range of healthcare services through hospitals and clinics, ensuring the well-being of residents and visitors.
Local Cuisine The local cuisine reflects a blend of flavors, including traditional dishes like Kashmiri Wazwan and Punjabi cuisine.
Natural Beauty The Mangla Dam, a key attraction, offers opportunities for boating, fishing, and enjoying the scenic beauty of the area.
Historic Significance Holds historical importance as a region that was greatly impacted by the construction of the Mangla Dam and the resettlement of communities.
Infrastructure Features modern infrastructure, including roads, bridges, and recreational facilities, making it an attractive city for residents and tourists.

The Historical Tapestry of Mirpur, Azad Kashmir

Nestled in the heart of Azad Kashmir, the city of Mirpur stands as a witness to a rich history that has been shaped by centuries of cultural interactions and, more recently, by the forces of modernity. Let’s unravel the historical tapestry of this captivating city.

Ancient Roots

Mirpur’s history, like the rest of Azad Kashmir, is deeply rooted in the annals of ancient civilizations. The region has been a cradle of diverse cultures and has witnessed the rise and fall of empires over the millennia. It’s believed that the area around Mirpur has been inhabited for thousands of years, with evidence of human settlements dating back to antiquity.

Influence of the British Empire

During the colonial era, the British Empire played a significant role in shaping the region. Mirpur, like many parts of South Asia, came under British colonial rule. The British presence left an indelible mark on the culture, administration, and infrastructure of the area.

The Birth of the Mangla Dam

A pivotal moment in Mirpur’s history occurred in the mid-20th century with the construction of the Mangla Dam. Completed in 1967, this colossal earth-fill dam was built to provide water storage for irrigation and generate electricity. The creation of the dam resulted in the submergence of a significant portion of the old city of Mirpur, displacing thousands of residents. The resettlement of these communities reshaped the city and its demographics.

Post-Independence Era

Following the partition of India in 1947, Azad Kashmir became part of Pakistan. As the region gained autonomy, Mirpur emerged as a major city in the newly formed Azad Jammu and Kashmir. The city’s growth was significantly influenced by the economic opportunities brought about by the Mangla Dam, making it a thriving business and commercial center.

Cultural Diversity

Mirpur’s historical narrative is not only about external influences but also about the tapestry of cultures that have blended here over time. The city’s cultural diversity is a source of pride, with residents embracing Kashmiri, Punjabi, and even British cultural elements. This diversity is reflected in the language, traditions, and way of life of the people.

Modern Mirpur

Today, Mirpur stands as a city where history and modernity coexist harmoniously. Its stunning natural landscapes and economic vitality, driven by industries such as manufacturing and agriculture, paint a vibrant picture of progress.

The city’s modern infrastructure, including roads, bridges, and educational institutions, ensures that it continues to grow and flourish. Yet, it never forgets its historical roots and the challenges it has overcome.

Mirpur, Azad Kashmir, is a city that proudly carries its historical legacy into the future. It’s a place where ancient history, colonial influences, and the ambitions of a modern, dynamic society converge to create a truly unique destination.

Historical Spots in Mirpur Azad Kashmir

Ram Kot Fort

It is narrated that this fort was built above an ancient Shiva temple. This fort located on a mountain peak has the river Jhelum flowing on its three sides.

Muslim rulers of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries took part in the construction of this temple. It is located in the opposite direction from Mirpur city. People can reach this temple through Mangla Lake by boat.

Army sports club is on the left side 10km away from Mirpur. From there, we can reach the temple using speed boats in 20 minutes. People reach this fort via bikes when the water level is low in Mangla Lake.

Beautiful Ram Kot is fenced by the river Jhelum

Khari Sharif

According to history, this place was ruled by Sohlan Rajput Family. It is an agricultural area of district Mirpur and is commonly called Khari.

It is located in between Mirpur City and river Jhelum hills at a distance of 8km from Mirpur. A well-known writer of romantic love stories Saif-ul-Malook, former prime minister of Azad Kashmir, and Barrister Sultan Mehmood belonged to this area of Khari Sharif.

A view of Mazar of Mian Muhammad Bakhsha, Khari Sharif Mirpur Azad Kashmir

Exploring The Mirpur

  • Geographical Elegance: Mirpur’s geographical beauty is its crown jewel. Situated alongside the Mangla Dam, it enjoys the embrace of rolling hills, lush greenery, and the vast waters of the dam. This picturesque setting creates an environment where nature’s artistry takes center stage.
  • The Mangla Dam: Mirpur’s most renowned feature, the Mangla Dam, is one of the largest earth-fill dams globally. The dam not only provides vital irrigation and power resources but also offers a scenic backdrop for various water sports and leisurely boat rides.
  • Cultural Diversity: Mirpur’s charm extends beyond its landscapes. The city is a cultural melting pot, influenced by Kashmiri, Punjabi, and even British traditions. This diversity is vividly reflected in the local way of life.

A Thriving Economy

  • Economic Hub: Beyond its natural beauty, Mirpur is a bustling economic hub in Azad Kashmir. It boasts a robust economy driven by diverse industries, including manufacturing and agriculture. The city’s markets are a testament to its trading activities, offering a wide array of products and services.
  • Educational Excellence: Mirpur University of Science and Technology (MUST) is a prestigious institution that provides higher education opportunities in the city, contributing significantly to the region’s academic growth.
  • Modern Infrastructure: The city’s infrastructure, which includes well-maintained roads, bridges, and recreational facilities, is a reflection of its modern and progressive nature.

Famous Places in Mirpur

  • The Mangla Dam: The star attraction of Mirpur, the Mangla Dam is not just a reservoir; it’s a serene expanse offering opportunities for boating, fishing, and capturing the scenic beauty that envelops it.
  • Rattan Bagh: For families and nature enthusiasts, Rattan Bagh is a tranquil park and zoo offering a relaxed atmosphere for picnics and leisurely strolls.
  • Kala Mata Temple: This ancient temple dedicated to the goddess Kala Mata is a place of spiritual significance and architectural beauty.

Famous Schools

  • Chenab Group of Colleges: Known for providing quality education and a diverse range of academic programs.
  • Allied School Mirpur Campus: Part of a respected educational network, Allied School offers excellent academic opportunities.


  • Mirpur University of Science and Technology (MUST): A significant higher education institution in Mirpur, offering a wide range of undergraduate and postgraduate programs.
  • Govt. Degree College for Women: A prominent college catering to the educational needs of female students in the region.


  • City Hospital and Medical Complex: A well-equipped hospital known for its medical services and experienced healthcare professionals.
  • Fauji Foundation Hospital: Offers a range of healthcare services and is respected for its commitment to quality patient care.


  • Bashir Darul Mahi: Famous for its delectable seafood and local dishes, Bashir Darul Mahi is a preferred dining spot in Mirpur.
  • Pearl Continental Hotel – Taipan Restaurant: Located within the Pearl Continental Hotel, Taipan Restaurant offers a diverse menu with a luxurious dining experience.
  • Yummi Zone Restaurant: A popular choice for local and international cuisine, Yummi Zone Restaurant serves a variety of dishes in a welcoming atmosphere.

Frequently asked questions (FAQs) 

What is Mirpur known for?

Mirpur is known for its stunning landscapes, including the Mangla Dam, and its role as a bustling economic hub in Azad Kashmir.

How do I reach Mirpur?

Mirpur is accessible by road from major cities in Pakistan, making it a convenient destination for tourists and travelers.

What is the Mangla Dam, and what can I do there?

The Mangla Dam is a vast reservoir known for water sports, boating, and fishing. Visitors can enjoy these activities while taking in the breathtaking views.

Is Mirpur a cultural city?

Yes, Mirpur is a diverse city influenced by various cultures, including Kashmiri, Punjabi, and British traditions. This cultural diversity is reflected in the local way of life.

What are the major industries in Mirpur?

Mirpur is home to a range of industries, including manufacturing, agriculture, and trade. It contributes significantly to the economy of Azad Kashmir.

Are there educational institutions in Mirpur?

Yes, Mirpur hosts educational institutions, including Mirpur University of Science and Technology (MUST), providing opportunities for higher education.

What are the must-try dishes in Mirpur?

Visitors can savor local delicacies like Kashmiri Wazwan and a variety of Punjabi-influenced dishes at local restaurants and food markets.

What are the famous places to visit in Mirpur?

Key attractions in Mirpur include the Mangla Dam, Ramkot Fort, Rattan Bagh, and the Kala Mata Temple. Each offers a unique experience.

Is Mirpur a safe city for tourists?

Mirpur is generally considered a safe destination for tourists. As with any travel, it’s advisable to stay updated on travel advisories and follow local guidelines.

What is the best time to visit Mirpur?

The best time to visit Mirpur depends on your preferences. Many tourists choose to explore the city during the pleasant weather of spring and autumn.

Wind Up Line

Mirpur, Azad Kashmir, is a city of contrasts where history meets modernity, and where nature and culture coexist harmoniously. The city’s scenic landscapes, economic vitality, and diverse culinary experiences make it an exciting destination for residents and tourists. Whether you’re exploring the historic Ramkot Fort, enjoying the tranquility of the Mangla Dam, or indulging in local delicacies, Mirpur offers a unique blend of tradition and progress.

Nizam Ud Deen Usman

He is known as Travel Blogger. He Visit around the Pakistan to explore the beauty of Pakistan. He is continuously updating his content to feed his reader the best they are searching for.

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