A glimpse of Pakistan
Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اسلامی جمہوریہ پاکستان)
|Total area||881,888 sq. km|
|Punjab Province’s area||205,344 sq. km|
|Sindh Province’s area||140,914 sq.km|
|Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province’s area||74,521 sq.km|
|Gilgit Baltistan Province’s area||72,496 sq.km|
|Fata’s area||27,220 sq. km|
|Province Balochistan’s area||347,190 sq. km|
|Islamabad’s total area||906 sq. km|
|Total Population||About 22 crores|
|Religion||95% Muslims 5 % other religions|
A look at the history of Pakistan
- 8000 B.C, Mehrgarh is an ancient city built with red bricks
- 3000 B.C, Indus Valley Civilization, Mohen Jodaro, and Harappan Civilizations
- 1700 BC, the Arrival of Aryans from Central Asia. Arya wrote Rigveda Maha Bharat
- 516 B.C., Gandhara civilization. Pushkalavati (Charsadda) and Taxila are is to be its capital.
- 325 B.C., The arrival of Alexander the Great in Hund, Taxila, Salt Range, and returning through Makran Desert.
- 321 B.C., Chandragupta Maurya founded the Moorish Empire. His grandson Ashoka converted to Buddhism and spread Buddhism in the subcontinent.
- 60 AD, the Arrival of Kashan from Central Asia. They made Kabul their main capital while Peshawar was called their winter capital
- 711 A.D, Muhammad Bin Qasim entered Pakistan till Multan and Islam flourished in that era.
- In 870 AD, Hindu Shahi made Hund the capital and ruled for about 1020 days.
- During 979-1030, Mehmood Ghaznavid attacked the subcontinent for 17 times.
- 1129 A.D, Shahabuddin Ghori, Khilji, Tughluq, Lodhi and Suri dynasties.
- 1221 AD, the Arrival of Genghis.
- 1469, Birth year of Baba Guru Nanak of Sikh religion
- 1526, defeating Ibrahim Lodhi in the field of Panipat and Zaheer Uddin Babar set the foundation of
- the Mughal Empire.
- 1540-45, Sher Shah Suri and Babur fight
- 1556-1605, Mughal Emperor Jalaluddin Akbar took over the government.
- 1605-1627, Jhangir’s era ( A true lover of art) He promoted the Persian language and worked for it.
- 1627-1658, Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal, Agra, Shalimar Bagh, Lahore, Jahangir tomb, and Shahi mosque Thatta.
- 1658-1707 AD, Aurangzeb Alamgir’s reign. Shahi Masjid Lahore was built
- In 1739 D, Arrival of Nader shah from Iran.
- In 11740-1773, Ahmad Shah Durrani, the ruler of Afghanistan, conquered Punjab, Kashmir, and Sindh.
- In 1799-1 839, Ranjit Singh ruled as Maharaja.
- In 1843, Sir Charles Napier captured Sindh.
- In 1846, The British gave Kashmir to Gulab Singh.
- In 1849, the British occupation of Punjab.
- In 1857, the war of independence was fought.
- In 1858, British rule was established.
- In 1877, Queen Vitoria assumed the title of” queen of India “.
- In 1887, Balochistan came under the control of the British.
- In 1906, the All India Muslim League was established.
- In 1940, The Pakistan resolution was presented.
- In 1947, On August 14, the Islamic state of Pakistan came into being on the world map.
- 1948, Death of Quaid-e-Azam. Pakistan and India fought over the Kashmir issue.
- In 195, Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan was martyred in Liaqat Bagh Rawalpindi.
- In 1956, The Constitution was passed.
- In 1965, On September 6, India attacked Pakistan in the dark of night. (The war ended after 17 days with the intervention of the United Nations).
- In 1969, Yahya khan took over the government.
- 1970-1977, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was the Prime Minister.
- In 1972, The region of East Pakistan separated from West Pakistan and became Bangladesh,
- 88, General Zia-ul- Haq imposed martial law.
- In 1979, Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was hanged.
- In 1988, General Zia-ul-Haq died in a plane crash along with top military leadership.
- During 1988-1990, Ms. Benazir Bhutto was elected as the first woman Prime Minister.
- 1990-1993, Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif assumed the post of Prime Minister.
- 1993-1996, Mrs, Benazir Bhutto became the Prime Minister for the second time.
- During 1997-99 Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif became the Prime Minister for the second time.
- In 1998, Pakistan responded to India’s five nuclear blasts with seven blasts and received the honor of being the first ever atomic power among the Muslim States.
- 1999-2008 General Pervez Musharraf took over the elected government of Mian Muhammad Nawaz and he was sent to Saudi Arabia.
- In 2001, 9/11 happened.
- On 8th September 2005, more than 80,000 People lost their lives to severe earthquakes.
- In 2007, Mian Muhammad Nawaz Shan returned from Saudi Arabia.
- In 2008, Ms. Benazir Bhutto left the world at Liaquat Bagh Rawalpindi and Asif Ali Zardari was elected President.
- During 2008-2013, Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani became the prime minister.
- In 2013, Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif will be elected Prime Minister for the third time with a huge majority.
- In 2013 ‘Mamnoon Hussain was elected as the President of Pakistan.
Languages & Dialects
Urdu, English, Punjabi, Sindhi, Balochi, Pashtu, Saraiki, Shina, Balti, and Khwar in northern areas.
Archaeological Sites or Traces
Ancient & Modern Masterpieces of Architecture
- Faisal Mosque Islamabad
- Shah Jahan Mosque Thatta
- Makli Graveyard Thatta
- Rani Kot Fort Dadu
- Shrines or cemeteries in Uch Sharif
- Badshahi Mosque in Lahore
- Shahi Qila Lahore
- Shalimar Garden Lahore
- Masjid Wazir Khan
- Jahangir’s tomb in Lahore
- Rohtas Fort Jhelum
- Derawar Fort in Cholistan, Bahawalpur
- Noor Mahal Bahawalpur
- Bhong Mosque in Rahim Yar Khan
|Siachen||Karakoram – Baltistan||72.4|
|Hispar||Karakoram – Nagar||61.2|
|Biafo||Karakoram – Shigar||59.5|
|Batura||Karakoram – Hunza||64.4|
|Yanganta||Karakoram – Baltistan||35.4|
|Chia||Hindukush – Chitral||33.8|
|Tirich||Hindukush – Chitral||29|
|Atrak||Hindukush – Chitral||29|
|Karombar||Hindukush – Chitral||25.5|
Elevated Peaks (more than 8000 meters)
|Gasherbrum – I||8068|
|Gasherbrum – II||8035|
Famous Passes in Pakistan
Site / Province
|Khyber Pass||Khyber Paktunkhwa (KPK)|
|Kurram Pass||Khyber Paktunkhwa (KPK)|
|Tochi Pass||Khyber Paktunkhwa (KPK)|
|Gomal Pass||Khyber Paktunkhwa (KPK)|
|Khunjerab Pass||Khyber Paktunkhwa (KPK)|
|Bolan Pass||Gilgit Baltistan|
Deserts in Pakistan
Name of the desert
|Thar Desert||Tharparkar Sindh|
|Cholistan Desert||Bahwalpur Division Punjab|
|Thal Desert||Layyah, Jhang, Punjab|
Beautiful Lakes in Pakistan
Location/ City/ Province
|Lake Manchar||Thatta Sindh|
|Hanna Lake||Quetta, Balochistan|
|Lulusar Lake||Mansehra KPK|
|Mahodhand Lake||Swat KPK|
|Shangrilla Lake||Skardu Baltistan|
Museums of Pakistan
- Museum of natural history (Bahawalpur zoo) (1942) Bahawalpur
- Archaeological Museum (the 1960s) Bhumbore Thatta
- Bhatt Shah Cultural Museum. Local art and musical instruments (1962) Bhat Shah
- Dir Museum Archaeological Chakdra. Dir
- Agricultural Museum (University of Agriculture) Agriculture(1909) Faisalabad
- Gaddu Barrage Museum (Barrage-related items)
- Archaeological Museum (1926) Harappa Sahiwal
- Education Museum (University of Sindh) (1959) Hyderabad
- Sindh Provincial Museum (related to Indus Civilization, Islamic and British), Hyderabad
- Talpur Museum (Fort Museum) Talpur Family Items Hyderabad
- Folk and Heritage Museum (Folk Heritage, Culture of Pakistan) (1973) Islamabad
- Pakistan Railway Heritage Museum (Golra Station) History of Railways Islamabad
- National Museum of Natural History Islamabad
- Pakistan monument museum Reflecting the History of Pakistan Islamabad”
- Aiwan Rifaf and Art Gallery Painting Karachi
- Maritime Museum Karachi Associated with Pakistan Navy
- PAF Museum Karachi Associated with Pakistan Air Force
- Archaeological Museum (Karachi University) (1955) Karachi
- Karachi Municipal Aquarium (Clifton) Karachi
- Karachi Zoological Gardens (Mammals, Reptiles, Birds, and Fish)
- National Museum of Pakistan (1950) Karachi
- Natural History Museum (Karachi University) (1950 ) Karachi
- Quaid-e-Azam Birth Palace (Wazir Mansion) (1953) Karachi
- Quaid e Azam Museum (Personal belongings of the founder of Pakistan)
- State Bank Museum (Information from the beginning of currency to today’s) Karachi
- Fort Museum (Shahi Qila) (1928) Lahore
- Chaughtai Museum Artworks of painter Abdul Rahman Chaghtai (1977 Lahore)
- Lahore Faqir Khan Museum ( brought rare art pieces of Muslim, British and Sikh eras)
- Natural History Museum (Jaloo Park) (1987) Lahore
- Allama Iqbal Museum ( Personal items of Allama Iqbal (1976)) Lahore
- Lahore Archaeological Museum ( Muslim, Buddhist, and English period items (1864)) Lahore
- Islamic Museum (Badshahi Masjid),(Islamic holy objects) Lahore
- Science Museum (Engineering University Lahore
- Natural History Museum (Government College University) (1910) Lahore
- Shah Karmii Museum Personal belongings of artist Shakir Ali (1975) Lahore
- Mangla Dam Site Museum Mangla Dam related to the construction of Mangla Dam
- Archaeological Museum (1925) Moin Jo Daro
- Air Force Museum (1964) Peshawar
- Archaeological Museum (University of Peshawar) Peshawar
- Islamia College University Museum (1934), Peshawar
- Air Force Museum (1962), Peshawar
- Archaeological Museum (Muslim, Buddhist Periods (1907 AD)) Peshawar
- Archaeological Museum (1972) Quetta
- Botanical Museum (Garden College) (the 1930s) Rawalpindi
- Forest Museum (1962), Peshawar
- Army Museum (1961), Rawalpindi
- Swat Museum (Muslim, Gandhara Civilization (1959))
- LAYOD Museum Sukkur, related to Sukkur Barrage
- Talpur House Museum Personal Items – Tando Muhammad Khan – Hyderabad
- Taxila Museum Gandhara Civilization (1918) Taxila
- Umarkot Museum Umarkot related to the reign of King Akbar
- Allama Iqbal Museum (at Allama Iqbal Birthplace) Sialkot
Pakistan is not only a land of diverse landscapes and rich history but also a nation with a vibrant culture and a hospitable population. From its ancient archaeological sites to modern architectural marvels, the country offers a unique blend of heritage. Its towering peaks, majestic glaciers, and breathtaking lakes make it a paradise for adventure seekers.
As you explore this remarkable nation, you’ll encounter the warmth of its people and the echoes of a history that spans millennia. Whether you’re trekking in the northern mountains, wandering through the bustling cities, or admiring the cultural treasures, Pakistan offers an unforgettable journey.