All About Pakistan – An Overview

All You Need to Know About Pakistan - A Brief

A glimpse of Pakistan

Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اسلامی جمہوریہ پاکستان)

Capital Islamabad
Total area 881,888 sq. km
Punjab Province’s area 205,344 sq. km
Sindh Province’s area 140,914
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province’s area 74,521
Gilgit Baltistan Province’s area 72,496
Fata’s area 27,220 sq. km
Province Balochistan’s area 347,190 sq. km
Islamabad’s total area 906 sq. km
Total Population About 22 crores
Religion 95% Muslims 5  % other religions
Currency Pakistan Rupee
National Language Urdu
Official Language English

A look at the history of Pakistan

  • 8000 B.C,  Mehrgarh is an ancient city built with red bricks
  • 3000 B.C,  Indus Valley Civilization, Mohen Jodaro, and Harappan Civilizations
  • 1700 BC, the Arrival of Aryans from Central Asia. Arya wrote Rigveda Maha Bharat
  • 516 B.C., Gandhara civilization. Pushkalavati (Charsadda) and Taxila are is to be its capital.
  • 325 B.C., The arrival of Alexander the Great in Hund, Taxila, Salt Range, and returning through  Makran Desert.
  • 321 B.C., Chandragupta Maurya founded the Moorish Empire. His grandson Ashoka converted to Buddhism and spread Buddhism in the subcontinent.
  • 60 AD, the Arrival of Kashan from Central Asia. They made Kabul their main capital while Peshawar was called their winter capital
  • 711 A.D,  Muhammad Bin Qasim entered Pakistan till Multan and Islam flourished in that era.
  • In 870 AD, Hindu Shahi made Hund the capital and ruled for about 1020 days.
  • During 979-1030, Mehmood Ghaznavid attacked the subcontinent for 17 times.
  • 1129 A.D,  Shahabuddin Ghori, Khilji, Tughluq, Lodhi and Suri dynasties.
  • 1221 AD, the Arrival of Genghis.
  • 1469,  Birth year of Baba Guru Nanak of Sikh religion
  • 1526, defeating Ibrahim Lodhi in the field of Panipat and Zaheer Uddin Babar set the foundation of
  • the Mughal Empire.
  • 1540-45, Sher Shah Suri and Babur fight
  • 1556-1605, Mughal Emperor Jalaluddin Akbar took over the government.
  • 1605-1627, Jhangir’s era ( A true lover of art) He promoted the Persian language and worked for it.
  • 1627-1658, Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal, Agra, Shalimar Bagh, Lahore, Jahangir tomb, and Shahi mosque Thatta.
  • 1658-1707 AD, Aurangzeb Alamgir’s reign. Shahi Masjid Lahore was built
  • In 1739 D, Arrival of Nader shah from Iran.
  • In 11740-1773, Ahmad Shah Durrani, the ruler of Afghanistan, conquered Punjab, Kashmir, and Sindh.
  • In 1799-1 839, Ranjit Singh ruled as Maharaja.
  • In 1843, Sir Charles Napier captured Sindh.
  • In 1846, The British gave Kashmir to Gulab Singh.
  • In 1849, the British occupation of Punjab.
  • In 1857, the war of independence was fought.
  • In 1858, British rule was established.
  • In 1877, Queen Vitoria assumed the title of” queen of India “.
  • In 1887, Balochistan came under the control of the British.
  • In 1906, the All India Muslim League was established.
  • In 1940, The Pakistan resolution was presented.
  • In 1947, On August 14, the Islamic state of Pakistan came into being on the world map.
  • 1948, Death of Quaid-e-Azam. Pakistan and India fought over the Kashmir issue.
  • In 195, Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan was martyred in Liaqat Bagh Rawalpindi.
  • In 1956, The Constitution was passed.
  • In 1965, On September 6, India attacked Pakistan in the dark of night.  (The war ended after 17 days with the intervention of the United Nations).
  • In 1969, Yahya khan took over the government.
  • 1970-1977, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was the Prime Minister.
  • In 1972, The region of East Pakistan separated from West Pakistan and became Bangladesh,
  • 88, General Zia-ul- Haq imposed martial law.
  • In 1979, Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was hanged.
  • In 1988, General Zia-ul-Haq died in a plane crash along with top military leadership.
  • During 1988-1990, Ms. Benazir Bhutto was elected as the first woman Prime Minister.
  • 1990-1993, Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif assumed the post of Prime Minister.
  • 1993-1996, Mrs, Benazir Bhutto became the Prime Minister for the second time.
  • During 1997-99 Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif became the Prime Minister for the second time.
  • In 1998, Pakistan responded to India’s five nuclear blasts with seven blasts and received the honor of being the first ever atomic power among the Muslim States.
  • 1999-2008 General Pervez Musharraf took over the elected government of Mian Muhammad Nawaz and he was sent to Saudi Arabia.
  • In 2001, 9/11 happened.
  • On 8th September 2005, more than 80,000 People lost their lives to severe earthquakes.
  • In 2007, Mian Muhammad Nawaz Shan returned from Saudi Arabia.
  • In 2008, Ms. Benazir Bhutto left the world at Liaquat Bagh Rawalpindi and Asif Ali Zardari was elected President.
  • During 2008-2013, Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani became the prime minister.
  • In 2013, Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif will be elected Prime Minister for the third time with a huge majority.
  • In 2013 ‘Mamnoon Hussain was elected as the President of Pakistan.

Languages & Dialects

Urdu, English, Punjabi, Sindhi, Balochi, Pashtu, Saraiki, Shina, Balti, and Khwar in northern areas.

Major Cities

Archaeological Sites or Traces

Mohan Jodaro, Harappa ,Taxila, Digikot, Mahar Garh, Takht Bhai, Swat

Ancient & Modern Masterpieces of Architecture

  • Faisal Mosque Islamabad
  • Shah Jahan Mosque Thatta
  • Makli Graveyard Thatta
  • Rani Kot Fort Dadu
  • Shrines or cemeteries in Uch Sharif
  • Badshahi Mosque in Lahore
  • Shahi Qila Lahore
  • Shalimar Garden Lahore
  • Masjid Wazir Khan
  • Jahangir’s tomb in Lahore
  • Rohtas Fort Jhelum
  • Derawar Fort in Cholistan, Bahawalpur
  • Noor Mahal Bahawalpur
  • Bhong Mosque in Rahim Yar Khan

Famous Glaciers

Glacier’s Names


Length (Km)

Siachen Karakoram – Baltistan 72.4
Hispar Karakoram – Nagar 61.2
Biafo Karakoram – Shigar 59.5
Balturo Karakoram -K2 57.7
Batura Karakoram – Hunza 64.4
Yanganta Karakoram – Baltistan 35.4
Chia Hindukush – Chitral 33.8
Tirich Hindukush – Chitral 29
Atrak Hindukush – Chitral 29
Karombar Hindukush – Chitral 25.5

Large Rivers


Length (km)

River Indus 2896
River Jhelum 825
River Chenab 1242
River Ravi 901
River Sutluj 1551
River Beas 398

Elevated Peaks (more than 8000 meters)

Peak’s name

Height (meters)

K-2 8611
Nanga Parbat 8126
Gasherbrum – I 8068
Broad Peak 8047
Gasherbrum – II 8035

Famous Passes in Pakistan

Passes’ Name

Site / Province

Khyber Pass Khyber Paktunkhwa (KPK)
Kurram Pass Khyber Paktunkhwa (KPK)
Tochi Pass Khyber Paktunkhwa (KPK)
Gomal Pass Khyber Paktunkhwa (KPK)
Khunjerab Pass Khyber Paktunkhwa (KPK)
Bolan Pass Gilgit Baltistan
Lowari Pass Balochistan

 Deserts in Pakistan

Name of the desert


Thar Desert Tharparkar Sindh
Cholistan Desert Bahwalpur Division Punjab
Thal Desert Layyah, Jhang, Punjab

Beautiful Lakes in Pakistan

Lakes’ Name

Location/ City/ Province

Lake Manchar Thatta Sindh
Keenjhar Lake Sindh
Hanna Lake Quetta, Balochistan
Saif-ul-Malook Mansehra KPK
Lulusar Lake Mansehra KPK
Mahodhand Lake Swat KPK
Shangrilla Lake Skardu Baltistan

Museums of Pakistan

  • Museum of natural history (Bahawalpur zoo) (1942) Bahawalpur
  • Archaeological Museum (the 1960s) Bhumbore Thatta
  • Bhatt Shah Cultural Museum. Local art and musical instruments (1962) Bhat Shah
  • Dir Museum Archaeological Chakdra. Dir
  • Agricultural Museum (University of Agriculture) Agriculture(1909) Faisalabad
  • Gaddu Barrage Museum (Barrage-related items)
  • Archaeological Museum (1926) Harappa Sahiwal
  • Education Museum (University of Sindh) (1959) Hyderabad
  • Sindh Provincial Museum (related to Indus Civilization, Islamic and British), Hyderabad
  • Talpur Museum (Fort Museum) Talpur Family Items Hyderabad
  • Folk and Heritage Museum (Folk Heritage, Culture of Pakistan) (1973) Islamabad
  • Pakistan Railway Heritage Museum (Golra Station) History of Railways Islamabad
  • National Museum of Natural History Islamabad
  • Pakistan monument museum Reflecting the History of Pakistan Islamabad”
  • Aiwan Rifaf and Art Gallery Painting Karachi
  • Maritime Museum Karachi Associated with Pakistan Navy
  • PAF Museum Karachi Associated with Pakistan Air Force
  • Archaeological Museum (Karachi University) (1955) Karachi
  • Karachi Municipal Aquarium (Clifton) Karachi
  • Karachi Zoological Gardens (Mammals, Reptiles, Birds, and Fish)
  • National Museum of Pakistan (1950) Karachi
  • Natural History Museum (Karachi University) (1950 ) Karachi
  • Quaid-e-Azam Birth Palace (Wazir Mansion) (1953) Karachi
  • Quaid e Azam Museum (Personal belongings of the founder of Pakistan)
  • State Bank Museum (Information from the beginning of currency to today’s) Karachi
  • Fort Museum (Shahi Qila) (1928) Lahore
  • Chaughtai Museum Artworks of painter Abdul Rahman Chaghtai (1977 Lahore)
  • Lahore Faqir Khan Museum ( brought rare art pieces of Muslim, British and Sikh eras)
  • Natural History Museum (Jaloo Park) (1987) Lahore
  • Allama Iqbal Museum ( Personal items of Allama Iqbal (1976)) Lahore
  • Lahore  Archaeological Museum ( Muslim, Buddhist, and English period items (1864)) Lahore
  • Islamic Museum (Badshahi Masjid),(Islamic holy objects) Lahore
  • Science Museum (Engineering University Lahore
  • Natural History Museum (Government College University) (1910) Lahore
  • Shah Karmii Museum Personal belongings of artist Shakir Ali (1975) Lahore
  • Mangla Dam Site Museum Mangla Dam related to the construction of Mangla Dam
  • Archaeological Museum (1925) Moin Jo Daro
  • Air Force Museum (1964) Peshawar
  • Archaeological Museum (University of Peshawar) Peshawar
  • Islamia College University Museum (1934), Peshawar
  • Air Force Museum (1962), Peshawar
  • Archaeological Museum (Muslim, Buddhist Periods (1907 AD)) Peshawar
  • Archaeological Museum (1972) Quetta
  • Botanical Museum (Garden College) (the 1930s) Rawalpindi
  • Forest Museum (1962), Peshawar
  • Army Museum (1961), Rawalpindi
  • Swat Museum (Muslim, Gandhara Civilization (1959))
  • LAYOD Museum Sukkur, related to Sukkur Barrage
  • Talpur House Museum Personal Items – Tando Muhammad Khan – Hyderabad
  • Taxila Museum Gandhara Civilization (1918) Taxila
  • Umarkot Museum Umarkot related to the reign of King Akbar
  • Allama Iqbal Museum (at Allama Iqbal Birthplace) Sialkot

Windup Lines

Pakistan is not only a land of diverse landscapes and rich history but also a nation with a vibrant culture and a hospitable population. From its ancient archaeological sites to modern architectural marvels, the country offers a unique blend of heritage. Its towering peaks, majestic glaciers, and breathtaking lakes make it a paradise for adventure seekers.

As you explore this remarkable nation, you’ll encounter the warmth of its people and the echoes of a history that spans millennia. Whether you’re trekking in the northern mountains, wandering through the bustling cities, or admiring the cultural treasures, Pakistan offers an unforgettable journey.

Nizam Ud Deen Usman

He is known as Travel Blogger. He Visit around the Pakistan to explore the beauty of Pakistan. He is continuously updating his content to feed his reader the best they are searching for.

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