About Malakand Agency – Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Malakand Agency - History, Culture, Traditions, & Famous Tourist Spots

Malakand Agency

Sher Garh, Sakhakot, Daragi, and Malakand will welcome you while traveling from Takht Bhai to Swat. Malakand starts from Daragi Pass which is 100km from Peshawar. It is 7km from Dargai Pass. This pass had opened by the British government in 1895 for the fear of Russia’s arrival.

One can reach Malakand, Swat, Chitral, Kafiristan, Bajor, Buner, Karakoram highway, and China via this historical Dargai Pass. It is a pleasant experience to travel on the Malakand Pass highway which gradually moves upwards.

Load more ATTACHMENT DETAILS Malakand-Agency-KPK.
A splendid sight of Malakand Agency above Malakand Pass

While sitting on the right side of the car, you will see the powerhouse established in 1914 and the canals. These canals were built during the British reign to supply water to districts Peshawar, Nowshera, Swabi, and Charsadda.

Malakand has forts of the British regime, headquarter, and the Political Agent’s office of the Malakand Agency. Its mountains have many monuments of the British era. The names of people who took part in the Chitral Campaign in 1895 are engraved near the pass.

Key information about Malakand Agency KPK

Heading Information
Location Malakand Agency is located in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan, nestled in the Malakand Division.
Historical Significance This region has historical importance, as it served as the gateway to the Swat Valley and has witnessed numerous historical events.
Geography Malakand Agency is characterized by its rugged terrain, lush valleys, and the convergence of several rivers, making it a picturesque and geographically diverse area.
Administrative Changes In recent years, Malakand Agency has undergone administrative changes and was merged into the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, which has led to further development and governance in the region.
Cultural Diversity The region is home to a mix of Pashtun and other ethnic groups, resulting in a rich tapestry of cultures, traditions, and languages.
Economic Activities The local economy is primarily agrarian, with residents engaged in farming, horticulture, and small-scale industries.
Tourist Attractions Malakand Agency boasts scenic spots such as the Malakand Pass and the Miandam Valley, which attract nature enthusiasts and adventure seekers.
Education and Healthcare The region has educational institutions and healthcare facilities that serve the local population.

Malakand Agency was one of the agencies of NWFP (North West Frontier of Pakistan) till 1970. It had Jirga System. Most of the people are Pashtuns.

People belong to the occupation of agriculture. People have a keen interest in weapons and they are involved in the manufacturing of munitions too.


For centuries, Malakand served as a pivotal crossroads in the subcontinent. Its strategic location as a gateway to the Swat Valley meant it bore witness to numerous historical events and the passage of countless travelers, traders, and armies.The region has ties to the ancient Gandhara civilization, a center of Buddhist culture and learning during antiquity. Archaeological remains and Buddhist stupas in and around the area provide a glimpse into this rich heritage.

During the colonial era, the British recognized the region’s significance and established the Malakand Field Force to control the local tribes. The force was involved in the Malakand Campaign of 1897, a testament to the region’s historical importance.

After the partition of India in 1947, Malakand continued to play a role in the evolving history of Pakistan. It was a part of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) until recent administrative changes.

In 2018, the region underwent significant administrative changes as it was merged into the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. This transition marked a turning point in the region’s history, bringing new governance structures and development initiatives.

Malakand Agency is not only a cradle of history but also a hub of cultural diversity. It’s home to a mix of ethnic groups, including Pashtuns, Gujjars, and Swatis, each contributing to the vibrant cultural tapestry of the region.

Famous places in Malakand Agency


It is the largest trade center of Malakand. It is one of the lengthiest Bazaars in Asia with all kinds of facilities of life. An ancient, cultural, and traditional town “Dheri Alah Dhund” is in the southeast of Batkhela. There are many houses built of stone and mud in traditional architecture.

Head Works -Batkhela, Malakand KPK

Malakand Pass

This iconic pass has historical importance, having served as a crucial route for travelers and armies. The picturesque drive through the pass offers breathtaking views of the surrounding hills and valleys.

Miandam Valley

Nestled amidst lush forests and pristine meadows, Miandam Valley is a haven for nature enthusiasts. It’s a popular spot for hiking, trekking, and enjoying the tranquility of the Swat River.


Located about 13 kilometers from Saidu Sharif, Marghazar is famous for its beautiful White Palace, also known as the Sufaid Mahal. The palace’s stunning architecture and surrounding gardens make it a must-visit.

Shahi Bagh and Shahi Fort

This historical garden and fort in Mingora, Swat, provide a glimpse into the region’s royal past. The Shahi Fort offers panoramic views of the city.


This charming town on the banks of the Swat River is known for its serene atmosphere and the historic Chakdara Bridge. It’s an ideal place for a leisurely stroll.

Shingardar Stupa

An archaeological gem, this stupa is a relic of the Buddhist Gandhara civilization. It showcases intricate carvings and stands as a testament to the region’s ancient heritage.


A delightful hill station, Madyan is known for its picturesque landscapes, traditional wooden houses, and local bazaars. It’s a great place to experience the culture and hospitality of the region.

Utror Valley

A paradise for trekkers, Utror Valley offers a serene escape into the wilderness. It’s known for its hiking trails and the Utror Forest Rest House.

Malakand Agency’s Cultural Riches and Traditions

Pashtun Heritage

The predominant culture in Malakand Agency is Pashtun. Pashtuns are renowned for their code of ethics known as “Pashtunwali,” which emphasizes values like hospitality (melmastia), protection of guests (nanawati), and seeking justice (badal). Pashto, their native language, is widely spoken and celebrated in poetry, storytelling, and song.

Traditional Attire

Pashtun attire is a prominent aspect of the local culture. Men often wear the traditional shalwar kameez, a long shirt paired with loose-fitting trousers, while women adorn vibrant dresses adorned with intricate embroidery and mirror work.

Pashto Music and Dance

Music plays a vital role in Pashtun culture, with the traditional rabab being a popular musical instrument. Pashtun music and dance, including the energetic Attan dance, are vibrant expressions of joy and celebration.

Tribal Traditions

The region was once governed by tribal structures, and while modernization has brought changes, tribal traditions and councils still hold significance in dispute resolution and decision-making.

Festivals and Celebrations

Malakand Agency celebrates a range of festivals, including the colorful Jashn-e-Kite festival, during which people fly kites with enthusiasm. Pashtun cultural festivals, such as Eid festivals and tribal gatherings, are marked by traditional music, dances, and sumptuous feasts.


The region is known for its skilled artisans who produce intricate handicrafts, including handwoven rugs, embroidery, and woodwork. These crafts reflect the cultural aesthetics and creativity of the people.

Local Cuisine

Malakand Agency offers a delectable taste of Pashtun cuisine, featuring renowned dishes like chapli kebabs, seekh kebabs, pulao, and freshly baked nan (bread).


Pashtun hospitality is legendary. Guests are treated with utmost respect and are often welcomed with tea, sweets, and a warm smile.

Tribal Codes

The concept of honor and the traditional Pashtun code of ethics play a significant role in the culture. These codes dictate behavior and interactions in the community.


  • Malakand Public School and College
  • Crescent Public School Malakand
  • Govt. High School Dargai
  • Government Girls High School Batkhela
  • Frontier Model School, Mingora


  • Govt. Postgraduate College, Dargai
  • Govt. Degree College, Chakdara
  • Women Degree College, Batkhela
  • Malakand College of Management and Sciences
  • Govt. Degree College, Mingora


  • Chaaye Khana Malakand
  • Pak Café & Restaurant
  • Foodland Restaurant, Dargai
  • Swat Grill and Restaurant, Batkhela
  • Taste Corner, Chakdara


  • District Headquarters Hospital, Batkhela
  • Saidu Sharif Teaching Hospital
  • Malakand District Hospital, Dargai
  • Wadood General Hospital, Mingora
  • Rehman Medical Complex, Chakdara

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) 

What is the significance of Malakand Pass?

The Malakand Pass holds historical importance as a strategic route and a gateway to the Swat Valley. It has been a witness to numerous historical events and a crossroads for travelers.

What are the cultural traditions of the Pashtun people in Malakand?

The Pashtun culture in Malakand Agency is characterized by traditions like Pashtunwali, vibrant music, and the Attan dance. Hospitality is a core value, and tribal councils continue to play a role in decision-making.

What are the popular festivals in Malakand Agency?

The region celebrates various festivals, including Jashn-e-Kite, Eid festivals, and tribal gatherings. These festivals are marked by traditional music, dance, and feasting.

Tell us about the famous schools and colleges in Malakand.

Malakand boasts institutions like Malakand Public School and College, Govt. Postgraduate College, and many more, contributing to educational excellence.

What are some must-visit restaurants in the region?

Visitors can savor local flavors at eateries like Chaaye Khana Malakand, Pak Café & Restaurant, and Swat Grill and Restaurant, to name a few.

Are there notable healthcare facilities in Malakand Agency?

Yes, the region has hospitals like District Headquarters Hospital in Batkhela and Saidu Sharif Teaching Hospital, providing essential healthcare services.

What is the role of handicrafts in Malakand’s culture?

Local artisans produce intricate handicrafts, including rugs, embroidery, and woodwork, reflecting the cultural aesthetics and creativity of the people.

How does Malakand Agency celebrate its rich Pashtun heritage?

The celebration includes traditional music, dance, and traditional attire, often worn during festivals and gatherings.

Is Malakand Agency known for its traditional cuisine?

Yes, the region offers a taste of Pashtun cuisine, featuring dishes like chapli kebabs, seekh kebabs, pulao, and freshly baked nan (bread).

What is the role of tribal codes in the culture?

Tribal codes dictate behavior and interactions in the community, emphasizing honor, hospitality, and protection of guests.

What are some of the famous historical sites in Malakand?

Historical sites include Shingardar Stupa and the White Palace in Marghazar, reflecting the region’s ancient heritage.

Wind Up Lines

Malakand Agency, a region of rich cultural heritage, breathtaking landscapes, and a storied past, holds a unique place in the heart of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Its cultural vibrancy, marked by Pashtun traditions, music, and hospitality, showcases the resilience of its people. The echoes of its history, from the ancient Gandhara civilization to colonial encounters, still reverberate through its valleys and passes.

Malakand Agency is not just a land of tradition; it’s a region of transformation. Recent administrative changes have integrated it into the folds of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, opening new doors for development and progress.

Nizam Ud Deen Usman

He is known as Travel Blogger. He Visit around the Pakistan to explore the beauty of Pakistan. He is continuously updating his content to feed his reader the best they are searching for.

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button
error: Content is protected !!